Interview as a way of gathering information: strategy of questions

Interview as a way of gathering information: strategy of questions

It’s important to tell apart interviews as a technique of gathering information and interviewing as being a genre. In the 1st instance, meeting, that is, communication with individuals, is regarded as three straight ways to obtain information by a researcher. Two other ways are:

  • observation, once the researcher himself is an eyewitness for the occasion,
  • working together with documents, where in actuality the document means any product carrier containing texts and pictures.

Kinds of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as a way of data gathering in change are divided in to:

  • genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the faculties of someone, then to reflect them within the text).

The reportage meeting had been talked about when you look at the chapter that is previous. In regards to the investigative will find out in the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is meeting as being a genre, as a means of text formatting by means of questions from a interviewer together with responses associated with interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the wide range of concerns for the researcher is minimized (sometimes they are no after all), during the other pole – a conversation, if the journalist not only asks questions, but additionally talks much with lengthy arguments.

The truth that the interview is a discussion, suggests in regards to the same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion is carried out with a journalist, by authority equivalent to the interlocutor, so the opinion for this journalist has also been interesting to readers, whilst the opinion associated with the interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Types of interviews with respect to the topic. Subject interview

Depending on the topic, there are three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the subject meeting is their state of things in virtually any field of task. Often this really is a job interview with a professional, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist just as much as he is linked to this situation. For example, a police officer informs simple tips to protect a flat from thieves. A doctor explains just how to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis will soon be in the change. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The structure associated with subject interview consists of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to this issue. Then there’s a parsing associated with the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The topic meeting finishes with all the streamlining of that which was stated, summarizing, practical tips to readers.

The hero for the topic meeting can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. This will be information interview, among the news genres. The duty associated with journalist is to learn whenever possible the important points and information on just what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.

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